Buddha Mandalas were created out of a love for harmony, the effort to heal soul psychology, and the desire to overcome unwanted ego-tendencies. (The artist is still working on these things as a life-long endeavor up the path of the Middle Way.) Every mandala is completed in meditation.
Buddha means "enlightened one" or "the awakened". Siddhartha Gautama, who would one day become known as Buddha, lived in Nepal during the 6th to 4th century B.C. After experimenting with different teachings for years, and finding none of them acceptable, Gautama spent a fateful night in deep meditation. During his meditation, all of the answers he had been seeking became clear, and achieved full awareness, thereby becoming Buddha. Siddhartha encouraged people to follow a path of balance instead of one characterized by extremism. He called this path the Middle Way.
Buddha Maitreya is considered the Future Buddha. This future Buddha is still in the Tusita heaven, in the state of a Bodhisattva. Gautama Buddha himself will enthrone him as his successor. The "Laughing Buddha" that is often seen, usually bald with a round exposed belly and surrounded by happy playing children is a common image of Buddha Maitreya.
As per Tibetan belief, the Five Dhyani Buddhas were created by Adi Buddha who is regarded as the primordial and highest being. They are not historical beings, rather they are transcendent beings who represent universal divine principles or forces. They are representative of various aspects of the enlightened consciousness and are aids in spiritual transformation. The Five Dhyani Buddhas are celestial Buddhas whom we visualize during meditation.
The word Dhyani is derived from the Sanskrit dhyana, meaning “meditation.” The Dhyani Buddhas are also called Jinas (“Victors” or “Conquerors”).
The names of the Five Dhyani Buddhas are Vairochana, Akshobhya, Ratnasambhava, Amitabha and Amogasiddhi. Traditionally, each Dhyani Buddha is associated with certain attributes and symbols. Each one embodies one of the five wisdoms, which antidote the five deadly poisons that are of ultimate danger to man’s spiritual progress and keep him tied to worldly existence. Buddhists teach that the Dhyani Buddhas are able to transmute the five poisons into their transcendent wisdoms.